Healthy Eating & HIV

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Healthy Recipe Ideas

Here are some healthy budget friendly recipes. 

7 Home-cooked Microwave Meals

Turkey Helper

10 Tips to Reduce the Risk of Foodborne IllnessAfrican American, Family, eating healthy, mom, dad, son, boy

A critical part of healthy eating is keeping foods safe. Individuals in their own homes can reduce contaminants and keep food safe to eat by following safe food handling practices. Four basic food safety principles work together to reduce the risk of foodborne illness—Clean, Separate, Cook, and Chill. These four principles are the cornerstones of Fight BAC!®, a national public education campaign to promote food safety to consumers and educate them on how to handle and prepare food safely.

  1. Wash hands with soap and water. Wet hands with clean running water and apply soap. Use warm water if it is available.
    Rub hands together to make a lather and scrub all parts of the hand for 20 seconds. Rinse hands thoroughly and dry using
    a clean paper towel. If possible, use a paper towel to turn off the faucet.
  2. Sanitize surfaces. Surfaces should be washed with hot, soapy water. A solution of 1 tablespoon of unscented, liquid chlorine bleach per gallon of water can be used to sanitize surfaces.
  3. Clean sweep refrigerated foods once a week. At least once a week, throw out refrigerated foods that should no longer
    be eaten. Cooked leftovers should be discarded after 4 days; raw poultry and ground meats, 1 to 2 days.
  4. Keep appliances clean. Clean the inside and the outside of appliances. Pay particular attention to buttons and handles where cross-contamination to hands can occur.
  5. Rinse produce. Rinse fresh vegetables and fruits under running water just before eating, cutting, or cooking. Even if you plan
    to peel or cut the produce before eating, it is important to thoroughly rinse it first to prevent microbes from transferring from the outside to the inside of the produce.
  6. Separate foods when shopping. Place raw seafood, meat, and poultry in plastic bags. Store them below ready-to-eat foods
    in your refrigerator.
  7. Separate foods when preparing and serving. Always use a clean cutting board for fresh produce and a separate one for raw seafood, meat, and poultry. Never place cooked food back on the same plate or cutting board that previously held raw food.
  8. Use a food thermometer when cookingA food thermometer should be used to ensure that food is safely cooked and that cooked food is held at safe temperatures until eaten.
  9. Cook food to safe internal temperatures. One effective way to prevent illness is to check the internal temperature of seafood, meat, poultry, and egg dishes. Cook all raw beef, pork, lamb, and veal steaks, chops, and roasts to a safe minimum internal temperature of 145 °F. For safety and quality, allow meat to rest for at least 3 minutes before carving or eating. Cook all raw ground beef, pork, lamb, and veal to an internal temperature of 160 °F. Cook all poultry, including ground turkey and chicken, to an internal temperature of 165 °F (
  10. Keep foods at safe temperatures. Hold cold foods at 40 °F or below. Keep hot foods at 140 °F or above. Foods are
    no longer safe to eat when they have been in the danger zone between 40-140 °F for more than 2 hours (1 hour if the temperature was above 90 °F).

Nutrition Quiz

Test your knowledge about HIV & Nutrition




Please click the right arrow to begin

Why is nutrition important?

  A) Protein builds muscles and a strong immune system.

  B) Vitamins & Minerals regulate body processes.

  C) Water gives cells shape and acts as a medium where body processes can occur.


  E) All of the above



Add Protein to your diet by:

  A) Eating A Bag of Potato Chips and a large candy bar

  B) Add canned tuna to casseroles and salads

  C) Add cottage cheese to fruit and tomatoes

  D) B & C

  E) All of the above

How do you safely add carbohydrates to your diet?

  A) Eat a balanced amount of breads, muffins, biscuits, crackers

  B) Eat oatmeal and cold cereals

  C) Eat a balanced amount of pasta & rice

  D) B & C

  E) All of the above

How can I maintain my appetite?

  A) Try a little exercise, like walking or doing yoga

  B) Binge watch my favorite show

  C) Avoid carbonated (fizzy) drinks and foods such as cabbage, broccoli, and beans

  D) A & C

  E) All of the above

What are the benefits of drinking water?

  A) Reduce the side effects of medications

  B) Help flush out the medicines that have already been used by your body

  C) Help you avoid dehydration (fluid loss), dry mouth, and constipation

  D) A & C

  E) All of the above

What are some things you can do if you experience nausea?

  A) Eat Fried Chicken

  B) Try the BRAT Diet (Bananas, Rice, Applesauce, and Toast)

  C) Drink plenty of soda

  D) Eat Potato Chips

  E) All of the above

Which of these breakfast foods will provide
you with the most energy?

  A) Candy Bar

  B) Whole Grain Cereal or Oatmeal

  C) Potato Chips

  D) A & C

  E) All of the above

According to the USDA, there is no difference
between a "portion" and a "serving."






Which of the following is a whole grain?

    A) Popcorn

    B) Couscous

    C) White Rice

    D) Cream of Wheat

    E) Honey Wheat Bread


1) E       2) B & C       3) D       4) D       5) D       6) B       7) B       8) B FALSE       9) A