Vulnerable Adult Indicators

Vulnerable Adult
Any adult who lacks the physical or mental capacity to provide for the his/her daily needs.

The sustaining of any physical injury by a vulnerable adult as a result of cruel or inhumane treatment or as a result of a malicious act by any person.


  • Abrasions on legs and arms
  • Bruises or welts
  • Burns
  • Fractures
  • History of similar injuries
  • Injuries caused by cutting , poking, biting, being restrained
  • Internal injuries (unexplained reported pain)
  • Lacerations
  • Sprains


The willful deprivation of adequate food, clothing, medical treatment, or habilitative therapy, shelter or supervision from a vulnerable adult.


  • Absence of prescribed medication
  • Dehydration
  • Hunger
  • Lack of clean or unsuitable clothing
  • Left alone-unsupervised
  • Malnutrition
  • No food in home
  • Poor hygiene
  • Skin disorders or rashes
  • Untreated bedsores
  • Untreated injuries or medical problems
  • Weight loss


Self Neglect
The inability of a vulnerable adult to provide for his/her physical or mental health and well-being, and the absence of which impairs or threatens the vulnerable adult’s well-being.

They are the same as neglect but can include: 

  • Absence of necessities in home (including food, water, or heat)
  • Cannot remember when he or she ate
  • Confusion
  • Unsanitary or unsafe living conditions
  • Wandering


Any action which involves the misuse of a vulnerable adult’s funds, property, or person.


  • Unusual volume or type of banking activity, or activity inconsistent with the victim’s normal behavior or ability
  • Non-payment of bills leading to eviction notices or threats to discontinue utilities
  • Changes to legal documents such as deeds or powers of attorney that the person did not understand at the time he or she signed them
  • Missing assets or funds
  • Suspicious signatures on checks or other documents
  • Unexplained withdrawals from or transfers between accounts
  • Sexually transmitted disease
  • Unwanted or non-consensual touching, sexual advances/behaviors with a vulnerable adult