Children and Adolescents

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General Demographics (a) Prince George’s County Maryland
Percent (number) of persons under 5 years old 6.8 (59,240) 6.2 (363,121)
Percent (number)  of persons ages 5 -19 years 20.3 (176,165) 19.7 (1,150,359 )
Percent (number ) of persons ages 15 – 19 7.6 (65,783) 6.9 (403,047)
Percent of population under age 18 in households who are White 17.9 51.8
Percent of population under age 18 in households who are White alone, non-Hispanic or Latino 8.8 46.0
Percent of population under age 18 in households who are Black/African American 65.8 32.5
Percent of population under age 18 in households who are American Indian/Alaska Native 0.2 0.2
Percent of population under age 18 in households who are Asian 3.1 5.5
Percent of population under age 18 in households who are Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander 0.0 0.1
Percent of population under age 18 in households who are Two or more races 3.3 4.4
Percent of population under age 18 in households who are Hispanic/Latino (any race) 20.4 11.6
 
Percent of population ages  0-17 who are foreign-born, not  a U.S. citizen 9.3 10.5
 
Percent of  population ages 5-17 who speak a language other than English at home 17.7 17.9
Percent of population ages 5-17 who speak a language other than English at home  (Spanish or Spanish Creole) 22.0 22.0
Number of population ages 5-17 who speak a language other than English (Spanish or Spanish Creole) 20,370 83,161
Number of population ages 5-17 who speak  a language other than English (other Indo-European languages) 4,680 39,906
Number of population  ages 5-17 who speak a language other than English (Asian and Pacific Island languages) 2,399 29,214
Number of population  ages 5-17 who speak a language other than English (other languages) 3,580 11,534
 
Percent of family  households with own children under age 18 30.9 29.5
Percent (number) of family households with female householder with own children under age 18, no husband present 11.0 (33,263) 8.0 (170,909)
Percent of population ages 15-19 in households with female householder, no husband present 40.7 32.7
Number of women ages 15-19 who are now married (including spouse absent ) 138 1,778
Number of grandparents living with own grandchildren under age 18 26,967 139,181
Percent (number) responsible for grandchildren 29.9 (8,069) 34.7 (48,292)
 
School Enrollment (a) Prince George’s County Maryland
Number of population ages 3 -17 in households who are enrolled in school: 151,468 1,129,357
    percent in public schools
82.5 82.0
    percent in private schools
17.5 18.0
Number not enrolled in school 17,327 104,471
Number of population ages 15 -1 9 enrolled in school: 58,418 355,750
    percent in public schools
87.9 84.8
    percent in private schools
12.1 15.2
Number not enrolled in school 7,365 47,297
Percent of population ages 16-19 not enrolled in school and not in labor force 5.3 4.3
Percent of population ages 16-19 in the labor force 35.1 39.0
Percent of children who enter kindergarten ready to learn (2010-2011 Maryland State Department of Education {MSDE}) 79.0 81.0
Percent of students who graduate high school four years after entering 9th grade (2010 -2011 MSDE) 73.3 80.7
Percent of children who enter kindergarten ready to learn (2010-2011 Maryland State Department of Education {MSDE}) 79.0 81.0
(a) Source:  2011 American Community Survey  (ACS) 1-Year Estimate unless otherwise noted
 
Poverty and Insurance Status, Public Assistance Prince George’s County Maryland
Number of active MCHP cases among children as of July 2012 (Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene) 40,498 N/A
Percent of children under age 18 living in households with Supplemental Security Income, cash public assistance income, or Food Stamps/SNAP benefits in the past 12 months (2011 ACS 1-Year Estimate) 20.2 21.8
Percent of households with children under age 18 receiving food stamps (2011 ACS 1-Year Estimate) 64.5 56.1
Percent of children ages 4-20 enrolled in Medicaid that received a dental service in the past year (Medicaid, CY 2009) 57.8 59.0
Percent of students eligible for free or reduced cost meals (Maryland Non-Profits 2011 Research Report) 57 41
Percent ( number ) of population under age 18 (204,597) who are uninsured (2011 ACS 1-Year Estimate): 6.2% (12,721) 4.6 (61,486)
    percent of the total population of uninsured (129,651) who are under age 18
9.8 10.3
    percent of the total population of uninsured who are under age 6
2.0 2.2
    percent of the total population of uninsured who are ages 6-17
7.9 8.1
Percent (number) of population under age 18 whose family income in the past 12 months is below the poverty level (2011 ACS 1-Year Estimate) 11.2 (22,442) 13.5 (178,725)
 
Miscellaneous Health Statistics Prince George’s County Maryland
Percent (number ) of population under age 18 with a disability (2011 ACS 1-Year Estimate) 3.1 (6,288) 3.5 (46,571)
Percent (number) of population under age 5 with a disability: 1.5 ( 875) 1.2 (4,448)
    percent (number) with a hearing difficulty
1.4 (847) 1.0 (3,638)
    percent (number) with a vision difficulty
0.2 (96) 0.6 (2,236)
Percent (number) of population ages 5 – 17 with a disability: 3.7 (5,413) 4.3 (42,123)
    percent(number) with a hearing difficulty
0.6 (892) 0.4 (3,520)
    percent (number) with a vision difficulty
0.6 (845) 0.6 (6,116)
    percent (number) with a cognitive difficulty
2.8 (4,065) 3.4 (33,608)
    percent (number) with an ambulatory difficulty
0.7 (1,027) 0.5 (5,053)
    percent (number) with a self-care difficulty
0.9 (1,277) 0.8 (7,872)
Percentage of youth ages 12 – 19 who are obese (2008 Maryland Youth Tobacco Survey,) 16.1 11.9
Percent of children ages 6 months+ who had a seasonal flu vaccination in the past 12 months (2011 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, Prince George’s County Health Indices Benchmarking Project, among survey respondents with children ages 6 months+, one child randomly selected): 54.9 57.6 2011 Maryland Behavioral
Risk Factor Surveillance System {BRFSS}
    White only, non-Hispanic
66.9
    Black/African American only, non-Hispanic
46.6
    Hispanic
69.2
Among children ages 9-17, percent of children who received an HPV (Human Papilloma Virus) vaccination (2011 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, Prince George’s County Health Indices Benchmarking Project, among survey respondents with children ages 9-17, one child randomly selected): 18.1 20.5 2011 Maryland BRFSS
    White only, non-Hispanic
17.0
    Black/African American only, non-Hispanic
22.7
    Hispanic
5.0
 
Births Among Adolescents (b) Leading Causes of Deaths (number of)
Number of births to mothers ages 19 and under:   All causes, ages 1 – 19: 61
    Total
985
    ages 1-4 
19
    < age 15
22
    ages 5-9
6
    ages 15 -17
296
    ages 10-14
6
    ages 8-19
667
    ages 15 -17
14
    White, Non-Hispanic
38
    ages 18-19
16
    Black, Non-Hispanic
634
    < age 1
115
    Hispanic, All races
299 Certain perinatal conditions 57
Teen birth rate (number of births per 1,000 women ages 15-44): Congenital abnormalities 38
    County rate
30.7 Pregnancy, childbirth, and puerperium 6
    Maryland rate
24.7 SIDS (Sudden Infant Death Syndrome) 8
    Accidents among adolescents ages 10-19: 14
   
    Whites
1
   
    Blacks
12
    Homicides among adolescents ages 10-19: 8
   
    Whites 
0
   
    Blacks 
8
    Intentional self-harm (suicides) among adolescents ages 10-19: 1
   
    Whites
0
   
    Blacks
1
(b) Source: 2011 Vital Statistics Report, Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Vital Statistics Administration
Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)  (c) Additional Sexually Transmitted Infection Data (c) Adolescent/Pediatric HIV/AIDS (d)
Sexually Transmitted Infection Ranking among all Maryland Counties, including Baltimore City Cases per 100,000 Population    
Chlamydia among males:   Age by Diagnosis – Chlamydia (number of cases):  
    ages 10-14
3rd 38.3 0-4 25
    ages 15-19
4th 1,422.1 5-9 1
Chlamydia among Females:   10-14 50
    ages 10-14
3rd 38.3 15-19 1975
    ages 15-19
4th 1,422.1 Age by Diagnosis - Gonorrhea (number of cases):  
Gonorrhea among males:   0-4 6
    ages 10-14
2nd 13.9 5-9 0
    ages 15-19 
3rd 524.1 10-14 13
Gonorrhea among Females:   15-19 505
    ages 10-14
5th 32.4 Age by Diagnosis -Primary Syphilis(number of cases):  
    ages 15-19
3rd 981.6 0-4 0
Syphilis among males:   5-9 0
    ages 10-14
- 0 10-14 1
    ages 15-19 
4th 5.7 15-19 4
Syphilis among Females:   (c) Source: STIs in Prince George’s County, 2011, Cesar Pena, Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene  
    ages 10-14
1st 3.6
    ages 15-19
2nd 6.1
    Number of pediatric  HIV cases, < age 13 at HIV diagnosis (with or without an AIDS diagnosis), alive on 12/31/2009 94
    Total number of reported pediatric HIV cases, < age13 at HIV diagnosis (with or without an AIDS diagnosis 123
    d)  Source:  Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Infectious Disease and Environmental Health Administration (IDEHA), Prince George’s County HIV/AIDS Epidemiological Profile, Fourth Quarter 2010
(c) Source: Center for STI Prevention – IDEHA, Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, 2011 primary numbers from Maryland Office of Planning (February 2012)
Alcohol, Substance Abuse and Tobacco Use (e) Social and Environmental Health Statistics
Percent of all public middle and high school youth (<age 18) combined who initiated tobacco use in the past year, 2010 17.9% Rate of non-fatal child maltreatment cases reported to social services per 1,000  children under age 18 (Maryland Department  of Human Resources, FY 2010) 3.6
Percent of all public middle and high school minority youth who initiated tobacco use in the past years, 2010 17.7% Rate of new cases of elevated blood lead levels in children under 6 per 100,000 population (2009 Maryland State Department of Education) 74.6
Percent of public high school youth who currently smoke cigarettes, 2010 (l) 10.2% Number of juvenile arrests (under age 18) in 2011 (2011 Maryland Uniform Crime Report):
Percent of public high school minority youth who currently smoke cigarettes, 2010 (l) 9.9%
    Prince George’s County
3,935
Percent of public middle school youth who currently smoke cigarettes, 2010 (l) 3.9%
    Maryland
35,510
Percent of public middle school minority youth who currently smoke cigarettes, 2010 (l) 3.8% Percent of children who were told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that they have asthma (2011 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, Prince George’s County Health Indices Benchmarking Project, among survey respondents with children under age 18, one child randomly selected): 14.5
Percent of all public middle and high school youth (<age 18) combined who report use of (l): 17.4%
Any tobacco product, 2010:  
    Cigarettes, 2010
7.6% White only, non-Hispanic 11.6
    Cigars, 2010
9.9% Black/African American, Non- Hispanic 12.5
    Smokeless tobacco, 2010
2.8% Hispanic 23.3
Any tobacco product (minority youth), 2010: 17.2 Number of asthma hospital discharges, 2009, ages 0-19 (2009 Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Environmental Public Health Tracking Report) 147
2010 data not available for pipes, bidis, kreteks  
(e) Source: Monitoring Changing Tobacco Use Behaviors 2000-2010, Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Cigarette Restitution Fund’s Tobacco Use Prevention and Cessation Program